In all geologic time, the responsibilities are on our generation ... including you ...

Past Efforts -- Abandoned, Stalled, or Creeping

LunaCorp, abandoned

LunaCorp, founded in 1989 by David Gump, promoted a private robotic rover mission to the Moon, to be funded by the entertainment value of having customers driving the rover around the Moon, plus commercial broadcast rights by the mass media of this copyrighted video, plus selling research data from any probes on the rover, plus supported by various sponsors who wanted their brand associated with the project.

The project actually made a lot of progress, but the company was surprisingly dissolved in 2003, not long after some high profile publicity.

Dr. Buzz Aldrin, the Apollo 11 astronaut and second man on the Moon, was a prominent advisor, and there were some highly reputable people doing actual work on the project.

The heart of the robotics work, however, became a rover named Nomad, designed and built by the Robotics Institute of Carnegie Mellon University, led by Dr. Red Whittaker.

Nomad was tested under extreme conditions in the Canadian Arctic in 2001, after $1 million of support was offered by NASA. Later, Nomad was also tested in the Atacama Desert in Chile, as well as in Antarctica.

The two main issues of the rover were dealing with the extreme temperatures of the Moon, and energy storage for nights.

The first mission idea had been to visit the Apollo 11 and 17 sites plus two older probe sites (Ranger 8 and Surveyor 5), but later, this changed to possibly probing the lunar poles for volatiles, and also a proposal by mission controller Geoffrey Landis to circle the Moon at a high non-polar latitude so that the rover was always on the illuminated side of the Moon for solar power and thermal control at a higher latitude. It would need to average a speed of a few kilometers per hour to stay in the sunlight.

1990s launch dates slipped due to lack of success in obtaining funding. In the year 2000, LunaCorp had published a press release which included the year 2003 as the launch of its multimedia lunar robot called Icebreaker Moon Rover, and named Radio Shack Corporation as the initial corporate sponsor, but failed to mention another sponsor, Mitsubishi Corp., while seeking another 3 or 4 additional sponsors. Mission cost was estimated at $80 to 130 million.

There was also a plan to work with Microsoft to develop an online game to simulate Icebreaker Moon Rover, as well as other commercial items to bring in revenues. Radio Shack promised $ 1 million, and additional millions in the future. With funding from Radio Shack, LunaCorp also promoted musician Lance Brass of NSYNC as a space tourist.

In 2003, the company was dissolved. Some say it was due to insufficient support despite a last ditch effort.

In 2004, David Gump started working as President for Transformational Space Corporation (t/Space), a NASA contractor, and in 2008 switched to Astrobotic Technology, Inc., again as President. Astrobotic is covered elsewhere in this website and is associated with the same leading robotic people who developed Nomad, with another planned lunar mission.

The homepage in 2012 is run by somebody promoting various products not related to space, but retains a little bit of information on Lunacorp at . The owner of the domain is hidden by an anonymizer service. However, there's lots of info on Google for LunaCorp. > Missions, Plans, Concepts > Past Efforts, Stalled or Creeping

Additional, children pages of this current parent page:

Past Efforts, Stalled or Creeping :
  SpaceDev / NEAP

Please provide quick feedback on this page. It is encouraging to just know people read anything on this site and care enough to give some quick feedback.

Which one are you?:

How many stars would you give this page?
1 = very bad
2 = less than expected but okay
3 = average or no opinion
4 = good
5 = excellent

What is your age range?
Under 20
over 60

If you choose to submit feedback, then I wish to thank you in advance. After you click on Submit, the page will jump to the top.

Reasons to do something yourself:

  • It will help save life on our special planet -- be part of the solution in your generation.
  • It will create and secure a better future for your children and grandchildren.
  • It could be an interesting, cool, and a fun adventure for your life!

You can join us and volunteer to help out,

... or ...

If you're short on time, you can just donate by seeing our donate page, or contact Mark Prado via his personal website at

If you really much prefer to send by cryptocurrency, then you can donate into a wallet of any of our cryptocoins, though this is our least preferable way to receive donations ..., so please donate this way only if it's really much more convenient or feasible for you. The wallets are included in my cryptocoin critiques opinion page.

... or ...

Suggest this website to other people and organizations.


PERMANENT needs a PHP / MySQL (actually, MariaDB) programmer. Are you a PHP / MySQL programmer interested in getting into space development as a career, or already working in space development? Or do you know somebody else who might be interested?

This is a volunteer, unpaid role at this point in time. A limited paid role would be considered on a tight budget, such as for at least bug fixing with some minor improvements, and/or a security review of our code before it goes online publicly. If you or one of your friends or associates may be interested, please send an email to spaceprogrammer at ... of course this domain.

To get updates on PERMANENT (occasional, not frequent), get on our mailing list.

For general or specific e-mail regarding PERMANENT, please use our Feedback page.

Leave information about yourself in our people, companies, and organizations database.

If you are interested in hiring our expertise, anywhere in the world, please contact us.
We have people in the USA and Thailand, and can travel or consult by internet.
You can call anytime, 24/7, at +66-8-1135-7977

Text by Mark Prado, Copyright © 1983-2024, All Rights Reserved.
Many website artistic design elements by Sam Fraser, Copyright © 1999-2024, All Rights Reserved.

Except where specifically stated otherwise,
Copyright © 1983-2024 by Mark Evan Prado, All Rights Reserved


P rojects to E mploy R esources of the M oon and A steroids N ear E arth in the N ear T erm

P rojects to E mploy R esources of the M oon
and A steroids N ear E arth
in the N ear T erm

This website has a lot of text content, so here are some suggestions on how to navigate and also recognize pages you're seen already vs. still unseen pages in the SiteMap.

There are 2 ways to browse this website:

  • A menu floats on the top left (unless you have JavaScript disabled, in which case you must use our SiteMap).


  • The SiteMap page.

The pulldown menu and the SiteMap are the same tree of pages and links. The pulldown menu offers + and - for expand and collapse sections/subsections/sub-subsections... of the tree, sometimes multiple levels, whereas the SiteMap has everything expanded with no + or - expand and collapse options so the SiteMap is much longer, compared to the pulldown menu if not fully expanded. You may just choose which of the two formats you prefer at a particular time.

The SiteMap colors links red which you have already visited, vs. normal blue for still unseen. It is convenient to browse the SiteMap in one tab or window, and opening pages in other tabs/windows (Ctrl-click or right-click), such as browsing the whole SiteMap to skip pages you've already seen and to choose to open pages you haven't read yet.

The pulldown menu doesn't change the color of seen pages, unfortunately, unlike the SiteMap. However, using the pulldown menu, you can quickly browse the list of sections and other pages without leaving the page you're on. The SiteMap is a separate page of its own.