In all geologic time, the responsibilities are on our generation ... including you ...

Synthetic Biology (SynBio)

"Synthetic biology" is defined as the design and construction of new biological functions and systems not found in nature.

As with genetically modified organisms (GMOs) on Earth, there is strong resistance to synthetic biology as well, including some very good reasons, generally categorized as biosafety and biosecurity.

As usual, there are many scientists and public proponents of synthetic biology, hoping for benefits to themselves. Unfortunately, many people tend to focus on the benefits and rationalize away the risks.

However, in outer space, these experiments can be isolated so there is practically no chance of the results affecting Earth's biosphere. Indeed, since it is not feasible to regulate laboratories all over the planet, if we could move a lot of this work to outer space, then we would be eliminating the effects of these experiments on Earth's natural environment.

NASA Synthetic Biology Program

NASA has started research in this field for various potential purposes, including manufacturing food more efficiently in space, trash/waste processing, and producing products from lunar and asteroidal raw materials, such as producing hydrocarbon fuels, extracting metals, and other things.

More information can be found at which is very small as of 2012.

An oft-cited reference is a 2010 workshop entitled What are the Potential Roles for Synthetic Biology in NASA’s Mission?

Singularity University's Synthetic Biology Program

In February 2012, the Singularity University announced the SynBio Startup Launchpad, noting "Get ready for a paradigm shift in biotechnology! Not too long ago, it took millions of dollars and years of development to start a new technology business. But not anymore, as many tech startups get up and running in weeks for under $20K. Biotechnology is poised to follow this trend powered by synthetic biology – genetic engineering done with software-based design tools coupled with low-cost DNA synthesis and assembly. Using synthetic biology, undergraduate students are developing everything from DNA data storage systems to new ... gene therapies in just months ..."

The Singularity University's website quotes the founder of 3Com corporation, Bob Metcalfe, as saying "Be prepared to learn how the growth of exponential and disruptive technologies will impact your industry, your company, your career, and your life." This applies to life in general in Earth's biosphere.

These "disruptive" technologies should be developed far out into space, not in Earth's biosphere. However, countless curious people will dream about all the benefits and money they will make, while rationalizing away the risks.

External links:

Wikipedia on Synthetic Biology

NASA's Synthetic Biology program, started around 2010. > Human Extinction, Bio and Nano Tech > Synthetic Biology

Please provide quick feedback on this page. It is encouraging to just know people read anything on this site and care enough to give some quick feedback.

Which one are you?:

How many stars would you give this page?
1 = very bad
2 = less than expected but okay
3 = average or no opinion
4 = good
5 = excellent

What is your age range?
Under 20
over 60

If you choose to submit feedback, then I wish to thank you in advance. After you click on Submit, the page will jump to the top.

Reasons to do something yourself:

  • It will help save life on our special planet -- be part of the solution in your generation.
  • It will create and secure a better future for your children and grandchildren.
  • It could be an interesting, cool, and a fun adventure for your life!

You can join us and volunteer to help out,

... or ...

If you're short on time, you can just donate by seeing our donate page, or contact Mark Prado via his personal website at

If you really much prefer to send by cryptocurrency, then you can donate into a wallet of any of our cryptocoins, though this is our least preferable way to receive donations ..., so please donate this way only if it's really much more convenient or feasible for you. The wallets are included in my cryptocoin critiques opinion page.

... or ...

Suggest this website to other people and organizations.


PERMANENT needs a PHP / MySQL (actually, MariaDB) programmer. Are you a PHP / MySQL programmer interested in getting into space development as a career, or already working in space development? Or do you know somebody else who might be interested?

This is a volunteer, unpaid role at this point in time. A limited paid role would be considered on a tight budget, such as for at least bug fixing with some minor improvements, and/or a security review of our code before it goes online publicly. If you or one of your friends or associates may be interested, please send an email to spaceprogrammer at ... of course this domain.

To get updates on PERMANENT (occasional, not frequent), get on our mailing list.

For general or specific e-mail regarding PERMANENT, please use our Feedback page.

Leave information about yourself in our people, companies, and organizations database.

If you are interested in hiring our expertise, anywhere in the world, please contact us.
We have people in the USA and Thailand, and can travel or consult by internet.
You can call anytime, 24/7, at +66-8-1135-7977

Text by Mark Prado, Copyright © 1983-2024, All Rights Reserved.
Many website artistic design elements by Sam Fraser, Copyright © 1999-2024, All Rights Reserved.

Except where specifically stated otherwise,
Copyright © 1983-2024 by Mark Evan Prado, All Rights Reserved


P rojects to E mploy R esources of the M oon and A steroids N ear E arth in the N ear T erm

P rojects to E mploy R esources of the M oon
and A steroids N ear E arth
in the N ear T erm

This website has a lot of text content, so here are some suggestions on how to navigate and also recognize pages you're seen already vs. still unseen pages in the SiteMap.

There are 2 ways to browse this website:

  • A menu floats on the top left (unless you have JavaScript disabled, in which case you must use our SiteMap).


  • The SiteMap page.

The pulldown menu and the SiteMap are the same tree of pages and links. The pulldown menu offers + and - for expand and collapse sections/subsections/sub-subsections... of the tree, sometimes multiple levels, whereas the SiteMap has everything expanded with no + or - expand and collapse options so the SiteMap is much longer, compared to the pulldown menu if not fully expanded. You may just choose which of the two formats you prefer at a particular time.

The SiteMap colors links red which you have already visited, vs. normal blue for still unseen. It is convenient to browse the SiteMap in one tab or window, and opening pages in other tabs/windows (Ctrl-click or right-click), such as browsing the whole SiteMap to skip pages you've already seen and to choose to open pages you haven't read yet.

The pulldown menu doesn't change the color of seen pages, unfortunately, unlike the SiteMap. However, using the pulldown menu, you can quickly browse the list of sections and other pages without leaving the page you're on. The SiteMap is a separate page of its own.