In all geologic time, the responsibilities are on our generation ... including you ...

Lunar Materials Utilization

Here is what we accomplished in the 1960s and early 1970s, so why do people say it's so hard in the 2020s?
Apollo 15

Docking in lunar orbit after human landing on the Moon, 1969
Docking in lunar orbit, 1969

Old NASA artwork:
Lunar base

Delivery of lunar oxygen (LunOx) to a space station in lunar orbit. NASA artwork by Mike Carroll.
Lunar oxygen being delivered to orbit

Table of Contents:

Overview of lunar materials and their utilization

The origin and composition of the moon

    Highlands vs. Lowlands geology
    The Apollo and Luna landings
    Major lunar minerals

    Mining the surface

    Lunar bases

    History of lunar probes

    Others' webpages on lunar materials and utilization

    Lunar materials utilization is addressed in official circles and websites more than asteroidal materials utilization, largely because there is support within NASA for a "Return to the Moon" mission as a steppingstone to Mars. PERMANENT first tries to fill in the gaps that other WWW sites don't address. Usually, this also means presenting a private sector (profitable) scenario rather than a government bureaucracy (taxpayer) scenario.

    Roadmap to related topics:

    Chapter 3:(XR) Transportation of asteroidal materials

    Chapter 4:(XR) Industrial processing and manufacturing with asteroidal materials

    Chapter 5:(XR) Space products and services from asteroidal materials
 > Lunar Resources (Mining The Moon)

    Additional, children pages of this current parent page:

    Lunar Resources (Mining The Moon) :
      Overview of Lunar Resources
      Origin and Composition
        Geology, Highlands vs. Lowlands
        Apollo and Luna Samples
        Major Minerals
        Polar Water and Volatiles
        Non-Polar Volatiles
        Powdery Texture
      Mining Lunar Resources
      Bases on the Moon
      Lunar Probes, History and Future
        Clementine 1
        Lunar Prospector
        SMART 1 (Europe)
        Chang-e 1 (China)
        SELENE (Japan)
        Chadrayaan 1
        LRO and LCROSS
        Chang-e 2 (China)
        Chang-e 3 lander (China)
        Chandrayaan 2
        Russian Luna 25-29, 2015-2020
      Links, Lunar

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